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White-eared jacamar

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White-eared jacamar

White-eared jacamar from Amazon Peru


The White-eared Jacamar is the geographically more widespread of the two species that comprise the genus Galbalcyrhynchus, which is restricted to western Amazonia. The other species, the Purus Jacamar (Galbalcyrhynchus purusianus), substitutes the White-eared Jacamar to the south of its range. As its name suggests, the White-eared Jacamar’s most striking plumage feature is the conspicuous white ear coverts-patch, and this instantly distinguishes the present species from its only congeneric. Both species are otherwise chunky-bodied, broad-winged, and short-tailed jacamars, with overall reddish-chestnut plumage. The White-eared Jacamar ranges from southern Colombia south to northeast Peru, and east through western Brazil, at least as far as the confluence of the Rio Solimões with the Rio Purus. It inhabits lowland primary forest, both terra firme and seasonally flooded areas, and is usually easily seen due to its liking for clearings and other semi-open areas, often beside rivers and streams.

Ranitomeya Imitator Varadero

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Varadero morph

This is another lowland form of imitator, first discovered in 2004 by Craig Greenhalgh on a lowland trek across part of Peru. This species is strange in that it occurs in close proximity to the yellow-striped lowland imitator with no major barriers separating the two morphs. And as is apparent, the two morphs look nothing alike. This infers that the frog has undergone strong local adaptation, either due to mimicry, sexual selection, or a combination of the two. In 2005, we were able to find this frog in very high densities in old secondary/young primary forest breeding in some sort of Heliconia, as well as in tree-holes. This morph was heavily smuggled from 2006 to present, although it is now legally available through imports from Understory Enterprises. This morph appears to be a mimic of the “orange-and-blue” fantastica morph.

Tiger-leg Monkey Tree Frog (Phyllomedusa Tomopterna)

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Tiger-leg monkey frog amazon peru wildlife

The tiger-leg monkey frog (Phyllomedusa tomopterna) is an attractive and interesting species native to the Amazon Rainforest.

These amphibians nocturnal and sleep all day long, but at night they wake up and spend their time searching for food, and vocalizing if male.

In many ways, their behavior and care is similar to the more familiar Red-eyed tree frog (Agalychnis callidryas).

Males grow to between 1.5 and 2.0 inches, while large females may reach nearly 2.4 inches in length.


Pygmy Marmoset, the smallest monkey in the world!

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Pygmy Marmoset Smallest Monkey Pantanal Amazon Wildlife

The pygmy marmoset is a small New World monkey native to rainforests of the western Amazon Basin in South America. It is famous for being the smallest monkey and one of the smallest primates in the world at just over 3.5 oz. It is commonly found in evergreen and river edge forests and is a gum-feeding specialist.

Most of the pygmy marmoset population live in stable troops of two to nine individuals that includes a dominant male, a breeding female, and up to four successive litters of offspring. They communicate using a complex system including vocal, chemical, and visual signals. The female gives birth to twins twice a year and the parental care is shared among the group.

The Green Anaconda of South America!

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Green Anaconda South America Wildlife Pantanal

The green anaconda, also known as the common anaconda and water boa, is a non-venomous boa species native to South America. There are many species of this reptile, but the most common of these is the green anaconda.

The green anaconda can reach 17.1 ft long. More typical mature specimens reportedly can range up to 16.4 ft, with the females, at around a mean length of 15.1 ft, being much larger in adulthood than the male. Weights are less well studied, though will reportedly range from 66 to 154 lb in an average range adult.

Green anacondas are the heaviest, and largest, type of snake in the world, but only the second longest (the longest type of snake is the reticulated python).

They are hunted by men for their expensive skin as the demand of anaconda skin is very high in the fashion industry.


Yellow-Spotted Amazon Turtle

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Yellow-Spotted Amazon turtle post

The Yellow-spotted river turtle or Yellow-spotted Amazon river turtle is one of the largest species of South American river turtles.

This turtle can grow up to 18 inches and weigh up to 18 pounds. Females can be up to twice the size of males. They can live more than 30 years in captivity.
Their shell is black or brown with yellow spots on the side of its head. This turtle inhabits rivers, flooded forests or floodplain lakes. Its diet is based mainly on fruits, weeds, fish, and small invertebrates.

The females lay two clutches of eggs each year, each with 4 to 35 eggs in it. Eggs are laid during the peak of the dry season so that they are not washed away with the floods of the rainy season.

Fun Facts!

The yellow spotted Amazon turtle is a type of side-necked turtle, so called because they do not pull their heads directly into their shell, but rather bend the neck sideways to tuck the head under the rim of the shell.

Boa Constrictor

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Boa Constrictor Amazon Wildlife

Did you know? Boa Constrictors are powerful snakes and stealthy hunters. The main characteristic of this species is the method of killing, they kill their prey by constriction, or squeezing, it to death and after capturing its victim, the snake wraps its body around the prey, which dies by suffocation.